A Critical Needs Analysis of Practicum Courses at Farhangian University: Mentors and Students’ Perspectives (Research Paper)

Document Type : Original Article


Sheikh Bahaee University


Practicum is a significant component of teacher education which links theory to practice and prepares student teachers for their job. The purpose of the courses, as defined within the Curriculum of Teacher Education at Farhangian University, is to prepare student teachers for their teaching career by observing and analyzing the real situation at schools and relating it to their theoretical findings. The present study was an attempt to conduct a critical needs analysis in which teachers and learners voiced their concerns, problems and needs in practicum courses. It mostly focused on student teachers’ voice since they are the most powerless in this educational setting. It intended to look for distinctive features of the practicum courses (four courses) presented at Farhangian University. To this end, the study investigated the achievement of the course objectives, stated in the curriculum for practicum, and the fulfillment of students’ needs from stakeholders’ perspective. Findings revealed major problems with these courses including (a) lack of training in action research, lesson study, critical thinking, and reflection skills for all members of practicum, (b) insufficiency of flexibility in teaching methods, resources and materials used by cooperating teachers at schools to act as a role model for student teachers, (c) lack of cooperation between schools and university, and (d) lack of proper supervision by teacher educators, to name a few. Findings of the study would raise TEFL curriculum developers, teacher educators, and cooperating teachers’ awareness of student teachers’ needs in practicum courses.


Article Title [فارسی]

تجزیه و تحلیل انتقادی نیازهای دروس کارورزی در دانشگاه فرهنگیان: دیدگاه مربیان و دانشجویان

Authors [فارسی]

  • زهرا معصوم پناه
  • محمد حسن تحریریان
  • کتایون افضلی
  • احمد علی بابایی
Abstract [فارسی]

کارورزی بخش مهمی از آموزش معلمان است که تئوری را به عمل پیوند می دهد و دانشجومعلمان را برای کار خود آماده می کند. هدف این دوره ها، همانگونه که در برنامه درسی آموزش و پرورش معلمان در دانشگاه فرهنگیان تعریف شده است، آماده سازی دانشجومعلمان برای کار حرفه ای خود با مشاهده و تحلیل وضعیت واقعی در مدارس و ایجاد رابطه بین مشاهدات و یافته های نظری آنها است. این مطالعه تلاشی برای انجام یک تجزیه و تحلیل نیازهای بحرانی است که در آن معلمان و دانش آموزان نگرانی ها، مشکلات و نیازهای خود در دوره های عملی را بیان می کنند. تمرکز این مطالعه بیشتر بر شنیدن صدای دانشجومعلمان است؛ زیرا آنها در این محیط آموزشی کمترین قدرت را دارا هستند. این تحقیقدر جستجوی ویژگی های متمایز دوره های کارورزی (چهار دوره) در دانشگاه فرهنگیان می باشد. برای این منظور، اهداف درسی به دست آمده برای درس کارورزی در برنامه درسی و نیازهای دانشجومعلمان از منظر ذینفعان مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. یافته ها نشان دهنده مشکلات عمده در این دوره ها از جمله: (الف) نبود آموزش در زمینه مهارت های اقدام پژوهی، درس پژوهی و تفکر انتقادی برای همه اعضای کارورزی؛ (ب) نبود انعطاف در روش های آموزشی، منابع و مواد استفاده شده توسط معلمان مدارس که به عنوان الگویی عملی برای دانشجومعلمان عمل می کنند؛ (ج) نبود همکاری بین مدارس و دانشگاه؛ و (د) نبود نظارت مناسب توسط اساتید کارورزی، اگر بخواهیم چند نمونه نام بریم. یافته های این تحقیق، آگاهی برنامه ریزان برنامه درسی رشته آموزش زبان انگلیسی، اساتید کارورزی و معلمان زبان مدازس نسبت به نیازهای دانشجومعلمان افزایش خواهد داد.

Keywords [فارسی]

  • کارورزی
  • دانشجویان آموزش زبان انگلیسی در مقطع کارشناسی
  • معلمان
  • مربیان
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